What is CBD?


What is CBD? aka “Cannabidiol”

There has been a lot of discussion on the medical benefits of cannabis in recent years. People are curious and want to know more, some have experienced these benefits personally. 

Cannabis is a complex plant with more than 400 different compounds. It interacts with the human body in interesting ways, which is why it’s important to study its impact. CBD, or cannabidiol, is one of the most interesting and beneficial compounds found in this plant and here’s a detailed guide to it:

Fundamentals

CBD is still a somewhat obscure topic and people don’t know what itis. Here are some fundamental facts about CBD that can help you understand the compound a little more:

1. What does CBD stand for?
2. What is the difference between CBD and THC?
3. Is CBD safe to consume?
4. Where does CBD come from?
5. What does CBD do?
6. How is CBD harvested?
7. Different types of CBD products
8. Effects CBD has on the body
9. Results

1. What does CBD stand for?

Cannabis plants have around 60 unique compounds that aren’t found in any other plants. Of these compounds, THC and CBD are present in the highest concentrations. CBD stands for Cannabidiol and this compound has garnered immense interest in the scientific community. It offers several therapeutic benefits and can be used to aid in the relief of a wide range of common illnesses and natural conditions that we experience throughout our lives. That’s one of the reasons why governments are sponsoring research into this compound. 

2. What is the difference between CBD and THC?

THC stands for Tetrahydrocannabinol and it is one of the most dominant compounds in cannabis. Every strain has a different ratio of THC/CBD, and that determines how the strain affects a person. THC-rich strains will cause a high because it is psychoactive. CBD is non-psychoactive; the ingredient actively counteracts THC’s high-inducing properties. 

This compound is an antipsychotic, effective for people looking to aid in the relief of things like paranoia or anxiety. CBD has no affinity with CB1 receptors in the brain while THC has a strong affinity with them. These pathways manage psychoactive effects and THC triggers them. While CBD takes a different pathway, it provides similar health benefits as THC, and so CBD is considered a safer alternative to THC.

3. Is it safe to consume?

Scientists are still studying CBD carefully to determine just how beneficial this compound can be. They don’t fully understand how CBD interacts with a human being’s physiology, but it is clear CBD is safer to use than THC. The compound doesn’t cause lethargy, dizziness, anxiety, or sleepiness. There have been little to no documented side effects of high-CBD strains, which is why many medical professionals will recommend these strains. There’s no risk of lethal overdose; this makes it safer than many other medications available today. Medical professionals still recommend taking prescribed doses of CBD. 

4. Where does it come from?

Both hemp and marijuana contain CBD and extraction depends largely on a state’s regulations. CBD is extracted from the marijuana plant in states providing legal access to medical cannabis. It is extracted from hemp in states where marijuana is illegal. Both marijuana and hemp are the same plant called cannabis sativa. Sativa species are known for its high levels of CBD and low levels of THC so they don’t deliver the same head high has indica species do.  

Marijuana consists of the leaves and flowers of cannabis sativa plant while hemp consists of seeds and stalks. Both have different levels of CBD, with hemp consisting of higher amounts than marijuana. Some hemp contains traces of THC and most counties recognize any source with less than 0.3% THC as industrial hemp. In the United States, hemp should contain no traces of THC to be considered industrial and legal. There are some exceptions to the rule for research purposes.

CBD is extracted from resin in flowers, leaves, stalks, and seeds. This resin is converted into CBD oil, which can be used to manufacture different products. The quality of oil depends on the quality of resin so CBD from high-resin plants is better. 

There’s no real difference between hemp-based and marijuana-based CBD except for a light presence of THC and the ability to smoke weed. Hemp-based products are available in edible, topical, and oil form. It’s important to check the labels, look at the source, and determine the values of THC content in marijuana-based products.  

5. What does CBD do?

People are hesitant to put anything in their bodies without collecting as much information as they can. With easy access to the internet, they tend to conduct research before consuming anything. Questions about CBD’s effects and benefits are common. Here’s a look at what CBD does: 



6. How is it harvested?

Extracting CBD from hemp is a careful and complicated process. Here’s a look at the harvest and extraction of this compound: 

7. Different types of CBD products 

There are different types of CBD products available in PureDaily marketplace. All of them offer the benefits of high quality hemp-derived CBD, but they come in different forms or applications. Here’s a brief look at these products: 

In short, CBD oil is sold individually as a tincture or used as an ingredient in other products like CBD gummies, capsules, liquids, topical creams, and tinctures, edibles, etc. Oils have the highest concentration of CBD.  

8. Effects on the Body

CBD interacts with the body’s endocannabinoid system, which has receptors present in all areas of a person’s body. This system is made up of CB1 and CB2 receptors. The CBD compound fits in perfectly into the system. These receptors impact mood, appetite, pain sensation, memory, and other such factors. CB1 receptors are primarily found in the central nervous system while CB2 is more commonly found in the immune system and is present in hematopoietic blood cells.  

CBD doesn’t interact directly with these receptors and doesn’t fit in like a puzzle piece. Stimulating them can create that psychoactive effect. Instead, CBD stimulates other nerves and actively suppresses CB1 and CB2. These include adenosine, vanilloid, and serotonin receptors. 

Activating these receptors can help mediate body temperature, inflammation, pain reception, which can help combat chronic pain or discomfort. CBD also actively counteracts THC by suppressing the FAAH enzyme. This doesn’t allow THC to activate the CB1 receptor, minimizing the psychoactive effect of that compound. 

When CBD activates adenosine receptors, anti-anxiety and anti-inflammatory properties are released into the body. These receptors also work to release glutamate and dopamine into the body. Both impact cognition, motivation, reward mechanisms, memory, learning, and motivation. This is why patients experience wakefulness, creativity, and alertness when they consume CBD products. 

CBD in high concentrations has strong anti-depressant effects. It activates the 5-HT1A serotonin receptor, which can have a big impact on a depressive state. This receptor also affects pain perception, nausea, sleep disorders, anxiety, and even addiction. Some patients use CBD to overcome addiction to conventional medication. 

This compound inhibits GPR55 signaling which helps suppress cancer cell proliferation and bone reabsorption. That’s why many experts believe CBD can help aid in the reduction and relief of a variety of diseases.

As CBD blocks THC’s psychoactive properties, experts recommend taking CBD if you happen to use marijuana for medical purposes. 

9. Results

CBD isn’t going anywhere. It has captured the attention of scientists everywhere around the world, so research is in full swing. People are already becoming more comfortable with CBD and its medical benefits as they continue to be educated on how CBD can greatly and positively impact a person’s life. 

Every year, there’s groundbreaking research on different properties of CBD, and other compounds. This ingredient has the potential to be extremely impactful. 

Because of the lack of unpleasant side effects, patients are more willing to add CBD to their daily regimen. Currently, CBD is an adjunct treatment to supplement regular medication. With further research, this can change, and CBD may become a part of conventional treatment process. 

Better acceptance, understanding, government-approved research, and other such factors ensure CBD will be very relevant in the future. It will help aid in the relief of several serious and chronic health conditions, providing relief to millions of people all over the world.